What are the Outcomes of CIN?

High Risk of Death

Patients who acquire CIN can have an increased risk of death (mortality) before leaving the hospital after a heart procedure such as angioplasty or stenting. If CIN patients survive their hospital stay, their risk of dying remains high within a year of their heart procedure and is even higher within 5 years of their procedure.

Source: Rihal et al. Circulation. 2002

High Cost to Health Providers

CIN has significant economic burden. The average additional length of stay in the hospital is 4 days and patients requiring dialysis can require much longer hospitalization. For patients surviving CIN, there is an increased risk of ongoing heart and kidney problems, creating an added economic burden.